Desarrollo de habilidades blandas y el uso del Sistema de Gestión del Aprendizaje en la elaboración de proyectos prácticos en una asignatura introductoria de Ingeniería Telemática / Development of soft skills and the use of the Learning Management System

Víctor Manuel González Holguín, Julio Augusto Ferreira Tavera, Ana María Barranco López

Resumen


La práctica de la ingeniería tiene un alto uso de proyectos. Los proyectos requieren el trabajo de equipos multidisciplinarios y la comunicación constante para poder ser exitosos. En la enseñanza de ingeniería se deben utilizar métodos que permitan acercar a los estudiantes con la forma de trabajo del campo laboral en el que se desempeñarán, por lo tanto, para este estudio se ha implementado la metodología de Aprendizaje Orientado a Proyectos con el fin de establecer una conexión entre las competencias técnicas y las habilidades blandas de los estudiantes. Se utilizó una asignatura introductoria en el programa de estudio de Ingeniería Telemática y se desarrollaron proyectos relacionados al Internet de las Cosas para conectar las capacidades técnicas con habilidades blandas como comunicación oral, comunicación escrita y trabajo en equipo.  El uso de esta metodología en conjunto con un Sistema de Gestión del Aprendizaje permitió una mejora significativa en la escritura de reportes técnicos y en la habilidad para presentar y defender su proyecto. Es decir, se pudo alinear el desarrollo técnico con las habilidades blandas previamente mencionadas. Al mismo tiempo, se obtuvo un alto índice de satisfacción por parte de los estudiantes en el desempeño de los proyectos superando las expectativas iniciales de los mismos estudiantes. 

Abstract

Projects are widely used in the practice of engineering. Most projects required multidisciplinary teams and constant communication between actors for their success. The education system should use pedagogical methods that are align to the practice of the field, in our case, of engineering. This study implemented the Project Base Learning to establish a link between the hard skills and soft skilled developed in an introductory course in the bachelor program of Information and Telecommunication Engineering. The projects focused on the concept of Internet of Things to develop on students the soft skills of communication (written and oral) and teamwork. The methodology used in the course along with a Learning Management System allowed a significant improvement in the technical reports written by the students and on their presentation skills of the projects developed in the course. We were able to align de hard skills developed with the needed soft skills mention above. This implementation resulted in a high-level satisfaction from the students on the projects they developed, overpassing their initial expectations.


Palabras clave / Keywords


Aprendizaje Orientado a Proyectos; habilidades blandas; internet de las cosas; sistema de gestión de los aprendizajes / Project based learning; soft skills; internet of things; learning management system

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Referencias


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